Templating · Creating templates · Page template

3.2.2 Creating Page Templates

A page template consists of two parts: a layout and a template file. Layouts build the HTML 'skeleton' of your page (the part between the body tags) and define the dynamic parts with 'sections'. The representation for the backend of those sections and any additional fields are defined in templates. To give you a better idea about that here's an example:

Layout file typo3conf/ext/myextension/Resources/Private/Layouts/Foo.html

<f:layout name="Foo" />

<div id="page" class="{settings.pageClass}">
    <div id="sidebar">
        <f:render section="Sidebar" />
    </div>
    <div id="content">
        <f:render section="Content" />
    </div>
</div>

Template file typo3conf/ext/myextension/Resources/Private/Templates/Page/Foo.html

<div xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="en"
      xmlns:f="http://typo3.org/ns/TYPO3/Fluid/ViewHelpers"
<<<<<<< HEAD
      xmlns:flux="http://typo3.org/ns/FluidTYPO3\Flux/ViewHelpers"
      xmlns:v="http://typo3.org/ns/FluidTYPO3\Vhs/ViewHelpers">
=======
      xmlns:flux="http://typo3.org/ns/FluidTYPO3/Flux/ViewHelpers"
      xmlns:v="http://typo3.org/ns/FluidTYPO3/Vhs/ViewHelpers">
>>>>>>> 131fb9d9047c8778d2038ee8a602a690ec9e47b9

<f:layout name="Foo" />

<f:section name="Configuration">

    <flux:form id="foo">

        <!-- Input field for Fluid variable 'pageClass' -->
        <flux:field.input name="settings.pageClass" default="some-css-class" />

        <!-- Backend layout grid (TYPO3 6.x and greater only) -->
        <flux:grid>
            <flux:grid.row>
                <flux:grid.column colPos="1" name="Sidebar" style="width: 25%" />
                <flux:grid.column colPos="0" name="Content" style="width: 75%" />
            </flux:grid.row>
        </flux:grid>

    </flux:form>

</f:section>

<f:section name="Content">
    <!-- Render colPos=0 in this section -->
    <v:content.render column="0" />
</f:section>

<f:section name="Sidebar">
    <!-- Render colPos=1 in this section -->
    <v:content.render column="1" />
</f:section>

</div>

See Selecting Page Templates for information about how to use the page template.

Explanation

We implement a page template named Foo. To 'connect' template and layout they are equally named Foo.html and both declare <f:layout name="Foo" />.

The div containers' only purpose is to enable code completion in your favorite IDE and will not be output.

The layout contains some simple HTML structure with two content areas and the outer div container's CSS class is controlled by a Fluid variable {settings.pageClass}. The variable is prefixed settings. which is not required by configuration but very useful. This will become clear at a later stage.

Per convention layouts have to define a <f:section name="Main" /> which is the section that will finally get rendered.

The template defines the backend representation of this layout by providing a flexform and a backend layout grid (only available in TYPO3 6.x and greater). This flexform is defined with flux viewhelpers which makes that part really simple.

The bare minimum for a page layout file is to define a section named Configuration containing a flexform with at least an id to make it selectable in the backend.

In our example we add an input field for the CSS class which is then available in the layout as a Fluid variable of the same name:

<flux:form id="foo">

    <!-- Input field for Fluid variable 'pageClass' -->
    <flux:field.input name="settings.pageClass" default="some-css-class" />

    [...]

</flux:form>

and a grid that will be used as the backend layout:

<flux:form id="foo">

    [...]

    <!-- Backend layout grid (TYPO3 6.x and greater only) -->
    <flux:grid>
        <flux:grid.row>
            <flux:grid.column colPos="1" name="Sidebar" style="width: 25%" />
            <flux:grid.column colPos="0" name="Content" style="width: 75%" />
        </flux:grid.row>
    </flux:grid>

</flux:form>

The sections Content and Sidebar make use of a vhs viewhelper to render the content of those columns.

All available viewhelpers and their arguments can be looked up in the reference on fluidtypo3.org

You should now be able to select the page layout in the backend by editing a page's properties after clearing all caches. fluidpages includes some fine inheritance feature that enables you to select the page template not only for the current page but also for its children and the chain of inheritance can be interrupted at any level.

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